Diet in Pregnancy (What Should Eat and What Should Not Eat)

Pregnancy is natural phenomenon but at the same time it is very crucial and sensitive period in reproductive life of woman. Pregnancy puts both physical and emotional burden on woman’s physiology. Baby which is being developing and growing in woman’s womb requires all the nutrients and oxygen supply from mother’s blood. There are some taboos associated with diet taken in pregnancy, some diets are prohibited to eat in early stages for the fear of having miscarriage or abortion, some foods are regarded bad for baby; others are not taken to avoid nausea and vomiting, but through decades of scientific research and medical experiments, useful diet in pregnancy has been evaluated and advised by doctors to pregnant women for better outcome in pregnancy.

First three months of pregnancy are most sensitive stage where care should be taken about diet, because this is the stage when baby’s vital organs are being made by nature like brain, spinal cord and heart, bones are also developing in this sage, in first three month most important nutrients needed to be included in diet are folic acid, calcium and iron. Most of the doctors prescribe folic acid in form of supplements to mothers, but it can be taken naturally by eating fresh green leafy vegetables; red meat and chicken are source of folic acid and iron as well, iron is richly present in vegetables and fruits like apples, banana, dates, cabbage, spinach etc. Milk is the richest source of calcium and best diet in early weeks of pregnancy. Vegetable and fruit salads, meat soups, light soft carbohydrate rich diet like pastas, noodles, brown bread, and a glass full of skimmed milk is ideal diet plan in first three weeks, not only it provides nutrients but also gives enough amount of energy to pregnant woman.

But main problem in early pregnancy is that woman begins to avoid eating proper meals due to nausea and vomiting and gastric upset, problem of nausea and vomiting is at its peak in early weeks because of the effects of pregnancy hormones, another hurdle in taking meals is gastric upset like heart burn, fullness due to pressure of developing baby on stomach, these problems can be overcome by taking lemon and ginger tea, lemon and ginger are two food stuffs which are scientifically researched and found to be useful in relieving nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, there are also drugs which are prescribed by doctors to inhibit morning sickness, gastric upset can be avoided by taking small meals several times in a day, so that there will be less burden on stomach and food is easily digested, light exercise like walking after meals is also beneficial in avoiding indigestion.

In remaining period of pregnancy, full diet containing vitamins, minerals, proteins, and minimal amounts of fats and carbohydrates; is considered safe and beneficial to maintain baby’s growth and weight. Protein milk shakes and energy drinks are best foods in this periods but energy drinks should be natural and cola drinks should be avoided because cola drinks can cause acidity and it is also risky for women who have family history of diabetes, or diagnosed as diabetic during pregnancy, like wise salty meals and drinks are not safe because woman is prone to have elevated blood pressure during last months of pregnancy, homemade fruit juices are best drinks for gaining energy.