World’s population is exposed to numerous health risks and life hazards these days, chances and incidence of accidents and dangerous diseases is increasing with greater percentage and resulting mortality rates are increased. According to consensus, there is more than 30% of population which has been disabled or handicapped due to road traffic accidents, terrorist activities like bombing; emerging diseases like cancers and infections due to resistant species of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms, natural disasters like floods, earth quacks, storms, fires, also are contributing to greater extent to mortality and disability rates. Disable people are not only burden for social, economic conditions but also governments and organizations have to spend a lot in rescue operations, treatment and rehabilitation of disabled people, disabled population has many physical and psychological problems and are candidates for welfare work and human sympathy.
Patients who have been suffered from accidents and chronic diseases and illnesses require treatment for both physical injuries and recovery from psychological shock. Pain relief is another great important issue as well as nursing care for bed ridden patients. As long as the patients remain hospitalized they receive medical care and facilities but main problem arises when they are shifted or sent back to their homes. At homes, people are not aware of the proper nursing care, as a result patients are neglected and in turn develop medical complications, even close relatives stay far and gradually avoid these types of people, this is a stage when psychological issues arise and person can get insane even, some lucky people get special sympathy as well as care from their loved ones, sometimes attendants hire private paramedical staff for services of such patients, others rehabilitate them by providing aids like special beds, special toilet seats or channels, wheel chairs, crunches and other walking aids, hearing aids. Artificial limbs are great invention which can solve many problems of disabled people who lost their limbs in accidents. There are number of government and non-government organizations which work for the rehabilitation and help of disable people all over the world, there are options of schools for special children and people along with old homes, psychiatric hospitals and medical institutions are available where choices of donations and transplantation of vital organs like kidneys, liver, heart and cornea are present, special units for burned patents are present in almost all hospitals, newest surgical techniques have been developed like skin grafting, organ amputation and insertion of donated body parts, plastic and cosmetic surgeries for disfigurements ; which can give new life to disabled people.
Irrespective of modern medical facilities and options, disability caused by illnesses and accidents is very agonizing to anyone who had such incident in life, need is to opt for preventive measures to avoid such events, awareness should be given to people through media, books, and other social means to prevent accidents and to do first aid immediately after accident or any medical emergency to avoid complications afterwards, like wearing hamlets during biking, wearing seat belts during driving and traveling, having first aid kits which contain basic equipment and drugs to stop bleeding, caring wounds, antibiotics and vaccines for controlling infections, snake bite and dog bite. Home accidents can be avoided by placing rat and insect killers, match sticks, batteries and paints at separate places, keep them out of reach of children, in case of presence of heaters, warmers, boilers and other electronic devices at home, these devices should be checked for safety time to time, electric plugs and circuits should be checked to avoid short circuit accidents, there should be good ventilation in home. To prevent diseases personal hygiene should be maintained, get yearly medical checkups by doctor for timely diagnosis of diseases.